I saw a documentary the other night on PBS about the "wolves in paradise valley" from 2006. There were some USFS rangers or animal behavior specialists (cant remember exactly) who were trying to "de-program" the "problem wolves" by using SHOCK THERAPY on the wolves by using an enclosed pen with the wolves inside, then they would introduce a cow/calf with an electronic device that would shock the wolves through a collar they wore when they got within two feet of the calf. So, the cow had an electronic device and the wolves had collars. I thought "oh great, they are going to require livestock owners to buy these devices to put on their cattle." Nope, I was way off. They are trying to re-wire the brains of these "trouble" wolves (ones preying on cattle and sheep) by TEACHING them to avoid livestock. This is NO JOKE! They think wolves can be trained like a bird dog or something, hello!!! These people are KOO KOO!!!!
How can you completely reverse the NATURAL INSTINCTS of these top predators? The only other animal who competes directly with the wolves are grizzlies and they DON'T HUNT IN PACKS like wolves. So, that makes these animals Top Predators with no real management planned and its only just begun.